Q. 1. The survival of the human society depends on the peace and harmony in the society.
Ans. Group A : The survival of the human society depends on the peace and harmony in the society.
Mahatma Gandhi said in his essay that animals do not fight among themselves organisedly, but human beings are such who organise war and enmity. Peace and harmony minimises the difference and discrimination between the raceses and people. We see that even the religions and sects and communities which are meant for the well being of the human race, conflict between themselves due to their confinement and selfishness. It is the peace
and harmony which works to unite and make people friendly.
Group B : Survival of the human society is the result of struggle.
This whole of the universe is the result of conflict. The world always exists between the two poles, that is, the dual powers, positive and negative. If the centrifugal and centripetal both the opposite force do not exist the world cannot move on its course. As such human society also cannot survive without the existence of the two forces the force of conflict and disharmony and the force of peace and harmony.
Q. 2. The greatest service to the society is to establish peace and harmony.
Ans. Group A : The greatest service to the society is to establish peace and harmony.
The world of ours is full of troubles, fight and misery. In such a condition if there is no such people and body in our society, who establish peace and harmony, the human life might turn into a damon’s hell. We clearly experience in our life that there are many institutions and people of our society engaged in getting peace and harmony, though there is much sufferings. So to minimise the sufferings of human beings it is essential to establish peace and harmony which will be the greatest service to our society.
Group B : Peace and harmony and war and disharmony are the two components of the worldly life and human society. Both are natural and self-originated. So, there is no question of a service to the society. If there is war and disharmony on the one hand, peace and harmony also emerges against it.
SOME OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
Q. 1. Who is the speaker here?
Ans. Alexander Aris, son of Aung San Suu Kyi, is the speaker here
.Q. 2. What is the occasion of his address ?
Ans. The occasion of his address is the acceptance of the award of the Noble Peace Prize in Oslo on the 10th December 1991.
Q. 3. What is the cause of the address ?
Ans. The cause of the address is the acceptance speech of the award of the Nobel Peace Prize.
Q. 4. Why does the speaker accept the prize in the name of the people of Burma ?
Ans. The speaker accepts the prize in the name of the people of Burma because they all sacrificed their well being, freedom and life collectively along with the Aung San Suu Kyi for which the award was given.
Q. 1. “And no one must underestimate that plight”. Which plight is Aris referring to ? Explain.
Ans. Mr Aris is referring to the plight of poor and destitute people living in countryside and towns, battered and tortured people in prison, the plight of the young people, the hope of Burma, dying of maleria in the jungles to which they fled and of the beaten and dishonoured Buddhist monks.
Q. 2. Peace, freedom and democracy are essential for human being. Do you agree ? Give your own opinion ?
Ans. Yes, peace, freedom and democracy are essential for human beings. These things are essential because these are the basic needs for the development of human personality. Peace gives contentment to the human beings and pleasure of life. Freedom gives opportunity to think about the best means of life and take advantages of suitable conditions. Democracy gives the opportunity of self-service and self-government. Thus, all these things are essential for human beings.
Q. 3. The Nobel Peace Prize belongs not only to Aung San Suu Kyi but to all the men, women and children of Burma. Why does Aris say so?
Ans. Mr Aris offers the Nobel Peace Prize to all the men, women and children of Burma because the prize is the result of freedom struggle of Burma which was fought by all the people women, men and children. That struggle could not be fought by a single person. So, Mr Arris says that the prize belongs to all of Burma.
Q. 4. “The beauty of genuine brotherhood and peace is more precious than diamond or silver or gold.” Why does Aris claim so ? Do you agree with him ?
Ans. It is right that the beauty of genuine brotherhood and peace is the root of all the blessings and happiness of human life. If there does not exist peace and harmony and brotherhood, the life on the earth would be that of a hell, because without brotherhood and peace man proves to be the biggest animal of nature. Then, there will be fight and killing all around. So, Mr Aris says that the beauty of genuine brotherhood and peace is more precious than diamond or silver or gold.
Q. 5. Who is the worthy symbol for the plight of all the people of Burma and why?
Ans. Mrs Aung San Suu Kyi is the worthy symbol for the plight of all the people of Burma because through her the plight might be recognised.
Q. 6. What is the plight he refers to ?
Ans. The plight is the suffering of different people of Burma from poverty and destitution, batterment and torture, attack of malaria and beating and dishonour.
Q. 7. Why could the Burmese people hold their heads a little higher ?
Ans. Burmese people could hold their head a little higher in the knowledge that their suffering had been heard and heeded.
Q. 8. Who is the speaker here?
Ans. Alexander Aris, son of Aung San Suu Kyi, is the speaker here.
Q. 9. What did Martin Luther King Jr say ?
Ans. Martin Luther King Jr. said that humanity could no longer be tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war.
Q. 10. What should not be said by future generation ?
Ans. It should not be said by future generation that indifference, cynicism and selfishness made Burmese people fail to live up to the ideals of humanism.
Q. 11. Why should Martin Luther not be considered as a mere dreamer ?
Ans. The speaking of Martin Luther King Jr. came to be true one day, so he should not be considered as a mere dreamer.
Q. 12. What is meant by indifference cynicism and selfishness?
Ans. Indifference means lack of interest, cynicism means surliness and selfishness means caring too much about one’s personal welfare, with total disregard to that of others.